Heritage Trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina

THE STIČNA MONASTERY





THE MONASTERY CHURCH AND THE CLOISTER

   

THE SLOVENE MUSEUM OF RELIGION

   

THE CISTERCIAN STIČNA MONASTERY


Open: Tuesday to Saturday: 9.00-17.00, Sundays and holy days: 14.00-17.00.
Individual visits: Tuesday to Saturday 8.30, 10.00, 14.00, 16.00, Sundays and holy days: 14.00 and 16.00. All visits are guided.
Information and visit announcement by phone: +386 01 78 77 100
Website: www2.pms-lj.si/sticna/


The Stična Abbey is situated at the foot of the hills of Dolenjska, near present-day Ivančna Gorica. The history of this, the oldest monastery in modern Slovenia, began in 1132, not long after the foundition of the Cistercian Order. The Abbey was founded by Peregrinus I, Patriarch of Aquileia, in a foundation charter in 1136, in which the monastery estates were granted by the brothers of Weixelburg (Višnja Gora). The first monks came to Stična from the Monastery of Rein near Graz, whilst the first abbot, Vincent, came from the French Abbey of Morimond. Soon after its foundation, the monastery enjoyed numerous liberties and privileges, the fruits of their economic and charitable, as well as pastoral activities, the latter from the 13th century onwards. The monastery incorporated a number of parishes during the Middle Ages, thereby increasing its reputation as well as its religious and cultural influence. This was increased by the Abbey's scriptorium and, as sources reveal, the first music school in Carniola. After the severe internal crises during the 15th and the 16th centuries, the monastery prospered again during the 17th and the 18th centuries, when it gained more or less its present form. It was dissolved, but was subsequently refounded and its importance as the religious, economic, and cultural centre of Dolenjska was restored.